Did you know?
Did you know on average, a typical 1,100-pound horse at regular maintenance consumes four to nine gallons of water per day. The amount of water a horse requires can vary depending upon several factors: time of year, work load, health of the horse, and grazing area. Horse owners should strive to always have fresh water available to the horse year round, especially during winter months when horses typically consume less water.
July Cattle Report
Beef cows, 30.5 million, up 3%
Milk cows, 9.3 million, up 1%
All heifers 500 pounds and over , 15.9 million, up 2%
Beef replacement heifers, 4.9 million, up 7%
Milk replacement heifers, 4.2 million, up 2%
Other heifers, 6.8 million, down 1%
Steers, weighing 500 pounds and over, 14.1 million, up 3%
Bulls, weighing 500 pounds and over, 1.9 million, unchanged
Calves under 500 pounds, 26.7 million, up 2 %
The 2015 calf crop is expected to be 34.3 million, up 1% from 2014, Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 24.8 million, up 1% from the previous year.
Did you know?
Did you know the number of farms raising sheep in Arkansas grew nearly 25% between 2007 and 2012. The number of sheep and lambs sold increased by 27% during that same time period. Hair sheep breeds seem to be leading the growth in sheep farming in Arkansas because they are easy to manage and do not have to be shorn.
With this newsletter, we strive to bring you the most current Animal Science information. The featured articles are:
Signup Today to receive the next Animal Science E-Newsletter in October 2015, by Clicking Here
Forage Brassica: An Alternative Winter Annual Forage
Providing adequate, high quality forage for grazing in late October through December is difficult to accomplish with traditional winter annuals such as wheat, rye, or ryegrass. Forage brassicas are winter annual crops and are an attractive choice for fall and early winter grazing. They are fast-growing, high in nutritive value, and can complement the existing forage base by closing gaps in forage production, therefore reducing the dependence on stored or purchased feed. Grazing may begin 45 to 60 days after seeding, depending on the species and weather.
Commonly grown forage brassicas species in Arkansas include: turnip, rape, and turnip x rape hybrids. Eight cultivars of forage brassica, a tillage radish, and a commonly used garden variety, seven-top, were tested in on-farm demonstrations and replicated research trials. The nine cultivars tested were: Aerifi (radish), Appin and Barkant (turnips), Barsica, Bonar, and Winfred (rape), and Pasja, T-Raptor, and Vivant (turnip hybrids). Aerifi and Vivant are products of Mtn. View Seed Company. Appin, Bonar, and Pasja are products of Ampac Seed Company. Barkant, Barsica, and T-Raptor are products of Barenbrug Seed Company. Winfred is a product of PGG Seed Company. Top-yielding varieties produced up to 2,000 lbs per acre by October 22 and 5,500 lbs per acre by early December.
For optimum production brassicas should be planted on a well-firmed prepared seedbed, in an area with good soil drainage and a soil pH of 5.3 to 6.8, soil test phosphorus level of at least 60 lbs. per acre, and soil test potassium level of at least 250 lbs. per acre. Follow soil test recommendations for the proper amount of lime, phosphorus, and potash fertilizer to apply. Use Arkansas Soil Test Code 210 “Winter Annuals” for the correct fertilizer and lime recommendation. Apply 40-50 lbs. per acre of nitrogen at time of planting if planting onto a prepared seedbed or onto suppressed sod. If planting onto lightly disked sod, delay nitrogen application until a successful stand has been established and the plants are three to four inches tall.
Brassica may be seeded as a full stand or planted in a mixture with small grains or ryegrass. The seeding rate for a full stand of forage brassica is 5 lbs/acre. For mixtures with small grain or ryegrass the rate should be 2-3 lbs/acre brassica with 20 lbs/acre ryegrass or 90-100 lbs/acre wheat or rye. Forage brassicas complement traditional winter annual forages such as ryegrass or small grains by providing grazing for livestock in the fall when traditional winter annuals have limited forage production.
Flood Recovery Management for Forages
John Jennings, Paul Beck, and Kenny Simon
Flood damage to forages can be quite variable depending on several factors. Damage is lower on dormant forage than on growing forage and is also lower during cool air and water temperatures than during warm temperatures. Some references indicate survival of some grasses after 60 days of submersion when water temperatures are 50⁰ F or less, but can be killed within 24 hours when water temperatures are 86⁰ F or higher. Damage is less in areas of moving water compared to standing, stagnant water. Sedimentation on leaves and crowns in standing water increases injury.
To read more, Click Flood Recovery Management for Forages packet